Pesticides Residues in Indonesian Environment: Our Responsibility

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Pesticides Residues in Indonesian Environment: Our Responsibility

Edhi Martono
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture
University of GadjahMada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

 


Pesticides were and still are used throughout Indonesian agriculture.  From farmers to agricultural decision makers,all still believe that pesticides can not be separated from agriculture. With the existence of tropical disease insect vectors, pesticides are alsovery popular armory in public health. Although the  intensive use of pesticides dated back only in the 1950s, its impact had been recognized since late 1970s, a mere twenty years after. Yet up to today, despite the implementation of eco-friendly yield increase rice planting movement such as the National Integrated Pest Management Program on rice, the use of
pesticides among farmers are still high and the number of registered pesticides are in the level of two – three thousands trade names (Untung 2004; DirektoratPupuk&Pestisida 2012).

Quantitatively, the use of pesticides in Indonesia can be anyone’s guess. The real number is very hard to find, and then if you have any figures, whether it seem ensuring or threatening will depend on who or which agency give you the data. Official sources varied on their data presentations, and it is hard for anyone, including scientists, to decide which data and information really telling the truth, if not downward confusing. The official data that came from the Directorate of Fertilizer and Pesticides, under the Directorate of Infrastructure, Ministry of Agriculture in 2014 show that there were 315 active ingredients which were registered to the National Pesticides Committee by 394 companies. In total there were 3005 trade names registered. The most number of trade names on a single active ingredient registered was found on aherbicide, with no less than 265 different names (DirektoratPupuk&Pestisida, 2014).

 

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BALAI PENELITIAN LINGKUNGAN PERTANIAN

Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI)

 


 

A. Wihardjaka (1) and L.J. Wade (2)
(1)Research Station of Agricultural Environment Preservation

(2)International Rice Research Institute

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