Effect of Pesticide on Humanhealth and Environmentmaternal and Child Health Issues in Agricultural Areas in Brebes:Impact of Pesticide use?

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Effect of Pesticide on Humanhealth and Environmentmaternal and Child
Health Issues in Agricultural Areas in Brebes:Impact of Pesticide use?

Suhartono*
Environmental Health Department, Public Health Faculty, Diponegoro University
*Corresponding author: Alamat email ini dilindungi dari robot spam. Anda memerlukan Javascript yang aktif untuk melihatnya.

 

Abstract
Brebes Regency located in the North Coast of Java Island (Pantai Utara Jawa, Pantura) is the highest shallots production region in Indonesia. Shallots are susceptible to pests like insects and fungi. Therefore, nearly all of the farmers in this area mix various types of pesticides and exceed the recommended dose as shown in a pesticide label. Data obtained from the Brebes Agriculture Office demonstrated that the level of pesticide use in Brebes Regency was the largest both in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia. There are approximately 3,200 pesticide brands registered by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia in whichabout 1,300 of these brands are distributed in Brebes Regency (Agriculture Office of Brebes Regency, 2017). Our studiesconducted in several villages in Brebes Regency showed that farmers in these area mixed 2-3 types of pesticides before sprayingshallots with a frequency of spraying about 2-4 times a week in dry season and every day in rainy season (Suhartono et al, 2012). Amount of pesticide use by shallot farmers in Brebes Regency was 330,000 liters per planting season in which they had four planting seasonsa year (Agriculture Office of Brebes Regency, 2017). Some health problems, specifically related to Maternal and Child Health  (MCH), were widely found in Brebes Regency. Data from the Central Java Province Health Office in 2016 showed that maternal mortality cases in Brebes Regency were the highest in Central Java Province, reaching 54 cases. Meanwhile, infant mortality rates (13.42 per 1000 live births) placed the seventh of 37 regencies/cities in Central Java (WHO, 2017). The incidence of stunting in children in Brebes Regency was also relatively high, reaching 40.7% (Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2013). Stunting (height for age < –2 SD of the WHO Child Growth Standards median), referred to as failure of linear growthis a strong marker of unhealthy growth given its association with morbidity and mortality risk, non-communicable diseases in later life, and learning capacity and productivity. It is also closely linked with child development in several domains including cognitive, language and sensorymotor capacities (WHO, 2014).

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BALAI PENELITIAN LINGKUNGAN PERTANIAN

Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI)

 


 

A. Wihardjaka (1) and L.J. Wade (2)
(1)Research Station of Agricultural Environment Preservation

(2)International Rice Research Institute

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