Association Between Farmer Characteristics and Level of Knowledge with Level of Cholinesterase Enzymes on Farmers in Batu City, East Java

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Association Between Farmer Characteristics and Level of Knowledge with Level
of Cholinesterase Enzymes on Farmers in Batu City, East Java

Anik Hidayah 1*, Indratin 1, and Sukarjo 1
 
Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute.
Jl. Jakenan-Jaken Km. 5 Jaken-Pati, Central Java, Indonesia 59182
*Corresponding author : Alamat email ini dilindungi dari robot spam. Anda memerlukan Javascript yang aktif untuk melihatnya.

 


Abstract

Uncontrolled use of pesticides can cause health problems for farmers. Farmers can be exposed to pesticides at the time of application, either through the skin, mouth or nose/breathing. This study aims to determine the association between farmer’s characteristics and level of knowledge with the level of cholinesterase enzymes in the sample of blood of farmers in Batu City, East Java. This research was conducted in January - May 2015. Blood sampling was carried out on 48 farmers in Sumber Brantas Village, Bumiaji District and 22 farmers in Pendem Village, Junrejo District. The study used an analytic observational design with a cross sectional approach. Measurement of cholinesterase enzyme levels in blood samples is carried out with the rapid test kit (Cholinesterase kit, Tintometer®). The results showed that farmers in Sumber Brantas Village experienced severe poisoning of 4.2%, moderate poisoning 70.8%, mild poisoning 22.9%, and non-poisoning 2.1%. None of the farmers from Pendem Village experienced severe poisoning (0%), 50% of farmers were moderately poisoned, 40.9% were mild poisoned and 9.1% were not poisoned. Cholinesterase enzyme levels were positively correlated with farmer age, sex, farmers' last day of contact with pesticides, distance of houses to agricultural land, and level of knowledge about pesticides, but negatively correlated with the level of education and nutritional status of farmers. A good level of knowledge will reduce the risk of pesticide poisoning which is characterized by high levels of cholinesterase in the blood.

Keywords: correlation, level of knowledge, cholinesterase, farmers

 

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BALAI PENELITIAN LINGKUNGAN PERTANIAN

Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI)

 


 

A. Wihardjaka (1) and L.J. Wade (2)
(1)Research Station of Agricultural Environment Preservation

(2)International Rice Research Institute

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