The implementation of rice-fish technology in rainfed lowland on production and agricultural business feasibility (Case Study Nglanggeran Agrotechnopark, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta)

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The implementation of rice-fish technology in rainfed lowland on production
and agricultural business feasibility  (Case Study Nglanggeran
Agrotechnopark, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta)

Sugeng Widodo1*, B. Sutaryo1, Kristamtini1, Sukristiyonubowo2, J. Pramono1,  D. Riyanto11
AIAT Yogyakarta, Jln Stadion Maguwohardjo 22 Karang Sari, Sleman, D.I. Jogyakarta.2Soil Research Institute,Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development
Jln Tentara Pelajar 12, Bogor, tlp: +6281226277259;
*Corresponding author: Alamat email ini dilindungi dari robot spam. Anda memerlukan Javascript yang aktif untuk melihatnya.

 


Abstract

Rice-fish-integrated rice and fish cultivation is an alternative to optimize farmers' income. Farmers in DIY cultivate usually only irrigated rice and limited in rainfed field agro-ecosystem in relation to this, a trial of the location-specific rice-fish technology was conducted. This study aims to determine the income and feasibility of rice-fish business by comparing 3 (three) technology packages: 1) rice-fish, variety of Inpari-30, path-row planting system of 2: 1, recommended fertilizer for soil and catfish, 2) rice -fish, Ciherang variety, path-row planting system of 2: 1, recommended fertilizer for red tilapia, 3) existing pattern (monoculture). This research was carried out in rainfed lowland on March-July 2017 in the Nglanggeran Agro Techno Park area, Patuk Gunungkidul. The results showed that the best rice production was reached in the first package of rice-fish with Inpari 30 productivity of 7.85 t/ha harvest dry, followed by the second package with Ciherang productivity of 6.98 and package 3 (the existing pattern) of 5.92 t/ha harvest dry. Based on the net income of rice technology, package 1 and 2 was IDR 32,272,400 and IDR 30,957,400 compared to the existing pattern of equal to IDR 11.589.000. Based on the financial analysis showed that technology packages 1 and 2 were feasible with a ratio of RC> 1.0 (2.17 and 2.10, respectively) with an increase in income between 60.35 – 64.09 percent compared to the monoculture pattern. It was concluded that the rice-fishrice-fish model with the enlargement pattern of catfish and red tilapia package 1 and 2 is feasible to be developed in rainfed lowland in Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta and can be used as an alternative income optimization

Keywords: Rice-fish new rice varieties, rainfed lowland, yield, feasibility

 

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BALAI PENELITIAN LINGKUNGAN PERTANIAN

Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI)

 


 

A. Wihardjaka (1) and L.J. Wade (2)
(1)Research Station of Agricultural Environment Preservation

(2)International Rice Research Institute

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