Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment Including Those Used for Fast-Growing Timber

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Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment Including Those Used
for Fast-Growing Timber

Natalia Shchegolkova1,2* and Alexey Emelyanov2
1) Lomonosov Moscow State University, Water Problems Institute of RAS
*Corresponding author: Alamat email ini dilindungi dari robot spam. Anda memerlukan Javascript yang aktif untuk melihatnya.

 


Abstract

 

Wastewater volume growth is a challenge for most of developing countries and there are several approaches to resolve the problem. But one of the most efficient wastewater treatment method is constructed wetland. This technology clones the processes in a natural ecosystem. The constructed wetland serves habitats for the wild fauna and its substrate takes in similar microbial communities as a natural wetland does. The constructed wetlands are efficient in treating a large scale of xenobiotics such as pesticides or drugs because of a longer water cycle in the basin. By the way this technology is cheaper than conventional analogues such as aeration tanks.The constructed wetland forms a semi-natural microbial environment that contributes selfpurification processes in a recipient waterbody.

The treated water issued from the constructed wetland can go directly to a river or can be reused in forestry irrigation. Such the systems constructed wetland-fast growing timber plantation have been experienced. This kind of wastewater recycling is likely for the ASEAN countries for climate and economical reasons.


Keywords: Wetland, wastewater

 

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BALAI PENELITIAN LINGKUNGAN PERTANIAN

Indonesian Agricultural Environment Research Institute (IAERI)

 


 

A. Wihardjaka (1) and L.J. Wade (2)
(1)Research Station of Agricultural Environment Preservation

(2)International Rice Research Institute